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SPS Vol. 1. The First Nordic Demographic Symposium, Matinkyla (Finland), 14-16 August 1968

Preface G. Fougstedt [7]
List Of Participants [9]
Summary Of Proceedings [11]

Methods in Population Forecasts
Methods in Population Forecasts in Denmark S. Hostrup-Pedersen [13]
Some Comments on and Concerning Population Forecasts T. Hartman [17]
Model for Population Projections for Norwegian Regions E. Gilje [22]
Methodics in Regional Population Projections in Sweden L. Widen [33]
Discussion [38]

Teaching and Research in Demography and the Need for Demographers
The Teaching in Demography and the Need For Demographers in Denmark P. C. Matthiessen [39]
Teaching and Research in Finland P. Piepponten [43]
Discussion [46]

Demographic Cooperation in Scandinavia
Possibilities of Demographic Cooperation on the Scandinavian Level E. Hofsten [47]
Forms of Demographic Cooperation in Scandinavia G. Fougstedt [55]
Demographic Cooperation in Scandinavia P. C. Matthiessen [59]
Discussion [63]

Migration Problems
On the Definition of Migration T. Hägerstrand [63]
Discussion [72]

Demographic Models
A Probabilistic Model for Primary Marital Fertility J. M. Hoem [73]
Discussion [87]



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SPS Vol. 2. The Second Nordic Demographic Symposium, Hässelby (Sweden), 8-10 June 1970

Preface
The Symposium, its organization and content
List of participants

1. The Present Development of Fertility in Scandinavia And its Consequences
The fertility of marriage cohorts and socio-economic differentials in fertility, some preliminary results from a Swedish survey Eva M. Bernhardt
Marriage rates as social indicators Gösta Carlsson
Fertility trends in Norway since 1960 Gerd Skoe-Lettenström
Some hypotheses in the Danish fertility survey 1970 Johs. A. Nordhoek
Fertility in marriages contracted in Helsinki in 1935, 1938, 1942 and 1946. Åke Saxén

2. What Can Demographers Do For Developing Countries?
Lecture by William Brass and papers by Agnete Braestrup and Erland Hofsten

3. Migration Between And Within The Scandinavian Countries
Aims concerning statistics on Scandinavian migration Karl-Erik Forsberg
Internal migration in Norway: regression analysis applied to data from Norwegian municipalities Eivind Gilje
Migrations between Finland and Sveden since 1945 Altti Majava

4. Data Explosion
Paper by Göran Stregnell.

5. Present Position and Future Possibilities with Regard to Research and Training in the Field of Demography in Scandinavia
Current demographic research in Finland Jarl Lindgren
Demographic teaching and research in Denmark P. C. Matthiessen



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SPS Vol. 3. The Third Nordic Demographic Symposium, Tuusula (Finland), 18-20 June 1973

Relations Between Population and Economic and Social Development
On the Use of Models in Prospective Population Studies Hannes Hyrenius and Jan Qvist [11]
Labour Force Participation and FamilySituation of Married Women Olav Ljones [18]

Fertility in the Nordic Countries
The Family Size in Denmark Ole Bertelsen [29]
The Married Woman's First Child Henrik Mørkeberg [37]
Contraceptive Practices in Finland in 1971 Kimmo Leppo, Osmo Koskelainen and Kai Siever [47]
Fertility Trends in Sweden Eva M. Bernhardt and Britta Holmbeck [61]

Mortality in the Nordic Countries
Mortality of Single and Married Persons in Norway, 1960-1962 Bjørn L. Tønnesen [71]

Population Development and its Consequences
Population Stabilization in the Nordic Countries P. C. Matthiessen [83]
Depopulation in Development Areas and the Effect of this upon the Social Environment and Development Policy Matti Sippola [95]
Population Changes and Regional Policy Gösta Oscarsson [101]
Settlement Pattern in Norway, Trends and Policies Hermund Skjølberg [105]

Free Session
Return Migration from Sweden to Finland in 1946-1970 Kimmo Mikkola [115]
Infant Mortality about 1800. A Preliminary Exploration into a Norwegian Local Material Ståle Dyrvik [125]
Migration and Population Patterns in the Parish of Torslev c. 1870-1901 Hans Oluf Hansen [135]



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SPS Vol. 4. The Fourth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Rungsted (Danmark), 10-12 June 1976

Opening Statement, P.C. Matthiessen [7]

The Fertility Decline, It's Causes and European Background [9]
Europe's New Fertility Pattern: Facts, Causes, Prospects, Mogens Boserup [11]
The Decline in Fertility in Denmark During the Period 1965-1975, Ole Bertelsen [31]
The Development of Fertility in Sweden 1965-1975, Ingvar Holmberg [41]
Fertility Trends in Norway since 1965, Helge Brunborg and Gerd S. Lettenstrøm [55]
The Development of Fertility in Finland, Pekka Myrskylä [75]

Application of Contraceptives and Abortions [97]
Legal Abortion, Oral Contraceptives and Intrauterine Devices in Sweden1964 to 1975, Olav Meirik [99]

Measurement of Fertility and Marital Status [109]
The Field of Fertility Research, Jarl Lindgren [111]
Problems of Marital Status, Hanne Spøhr [117]

Prediction of Fertility and It's Demographic Consequences [137]
Family Size Expectations and Population Development, Marketta Ritamies [139]

Economic and Social Consequences of a Stationary or Declining Population [147]
The Effect of a Declining Population, Erland Hofsten [149]

List of Participants [159]



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SPS Vol. 5. The Fifth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Hurdalssjøen (Norway) 13-16 June 1979

Opening Statement. Per Sevaldson [7]

Session I. The Decline f Mortality ca. 1740-1850
The Development in Danish mortality 1735-1850. Otto Andersen [9]
A comparison of empirical life tables for Iceland 1785-1360 and for Denmark 1800-1840 with selected model life tables. Hans Oluf Hansen [22]
Eighteenth century diseases, diagnostic trends and mortality. Øivind Larsen [38]
Regional and localvariation of mortality in Sweden, 1750-1900. Anders Norberg, Hans Norman and Sune Akerman [55]
The changing features of mortality in Finland in the 18th and19th Centuries. Kari Pitkänen [74]
Crude death rate and infant mortality 1840-1900 in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and England and Wales with particular attention to the relationship between mortality and population density-urbanisation. (Contributed paper.) Letten Fegersten Saugstad [83]
Comment. Ståle Dyrvik [98]
Summary of Discussion. Bjørg Halvorsen [104]

Session II. Occupational Mortality
Occupational mortality in Norway, 1970-1973. Some sociological remarks on the linkage of the census records 1960 and 1970. Lars B. Kristofersen [105]
Occupational mortality in Denmark, 1970-1975. Elsebeth Lynge [120]
The socio-economic aspect of occupational mortality in Finland. Hannele Sauli [131]
Comment. Tapani Valkonen [143]
Summary of Discussion. Olaf Foss [150]

Session III. Other Use of Population Registers
Projections of the edueational characteristics of the Norwegian population. Erik Hernæs [152]
Statistical use of registers in Finland. Mauri Nieminen 164]
Register statistics as a basis for a study of moving sequences Hanne Spøhr [176]
Comment. Gunnar Eklund [183]
Summary of Discussion. Arne Rideng [195]

Session IV. Fertility Surveys
Cohort trends in cohabitational birth intervals in Denmark, 1975. Fjalar Finnäs and Jan M. Hoem [196]
Some results from the Norwegian fertility survey 1977. Turid Noack and Lars Østby [211]
Fertility and welfare-categories in Finland. A need-theory approach to the size of family. Olavi Riihinen, Aimo Pulkkinen and Marketta Ritwnies [226]
Use of contraceptives in 1975 among Danish women 18-49 years. Gert Schmidt [245]
Comment. Johs. A. Noordhopk [258]
Summary of Discussion. Jens Kristian Borgan [263]

Session V. Open Session
Population growth and fertility trends in Iceland. Sigurdur Gústavsson [264]
An age-specific housing based population projection model for small areas. Inglev Jensen and Ole Therkildsen [277]
Pretesting input data of computer simulation models. Mikko A. Salo [292]
Life expectancy after retirement from the Danish state police force, 1945-52.(Contributed paper.) Graham W. Leeson [303]
Characteristics of Finnish population dynamics in 1977. (Contributed paper.) Aslak Herva [309]
Summary of Discussion. Stein Erland Brun [318]

List of Participants [320]



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SPS Vol. 6. The Sixth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Kungälv (Sweden) 16-19 June 1982,

6.1 Studies in migration.

Opening Statement
Counting and Thinking: a Dilemma in Demographic Research, Sune Åkerman [7]

Theoretical And Empirical Overview Of Migration
International Migration Allti Majava [13]
Interregional Migration: Sture Øberg [19]
Internal Migration - Migration Flows Ismo Söderling [35]

Migration and Life-Cycle Theories
Life-Span Perspectives on Migration, Olaf Foss [51]
Migration in Micro and Macro Perspectives, Einar Holm & Sture Øberg [61]
Vacancy-Chains and Life-Cycle Theory, Eric Clark [85]
Spatial Movements of Life CycIe Groups, Bjarni Reynarsson [93]

Migration and Population Projections
The Treatment of the Labour Market in some recent Multiregional Economic Models, Folke Snickars [109]
Various Forecasting Models and Their Uses, Lennart Stålberg [121]
Demographic Changes in Residential Areas as a Basis for Municipal Population Forecasts, Bengt Nilsson [129]
The Internal Migration in Finland 1969-79 analysed by way of a Generalised Linear Model, Anders Ekholm & Seppo Laaksonen [145]
Household Projections with a Reconciliation of Demographic and Economic Factors, Björn Hårsman & Siv Schéele [169]
Model Migration Schedules - the Case of Sweden, Ingvar Holmberg [181]

6.2 Studies in Fertility

New Research Approaches To The Great Fertility Decline
Introduction to the session, Sune Åkerman [9]
The Educated People: The Precursors of the Fertility Transition in Finland, Kari Pitkänen [15]
"…It happens in Drammen, like anywhere else in Europe, even in Paris and London", Eli Fure, Hege Brit Randsborg & Sølvi Bauge Sogner [33]
Some Reflections on the Historical and Recent Fertility Decline in Denmark, Poul Christian Matthiessen [43]
The Fertility Decline during the late 19th Century in Urban areas, John Rogers [53]
The Fertility Transition in Central Sweden: a preliminary look at smaller geographic units, 1855-1890, Kenneth A. Lockridge [69]
Fertility Patterns and Sexual Ethics - a comparison of 69 districts, 1890-1900, Margareta Larsson [99]

Factors Affecting Present-Day Fertility Behaviour
Childless or Childfree? A descriptive study of sterilization, infecundity and intentional childlessness, Turid Noack & Lars Østby [127]
Some Aspects on the Fertility Development in Sweden 1960-1977, Fjalar Finnäs [147]
The Advantage of Good Methods - Considerations on the application of Markov models, Bo Rennermalm [161]

Consequences of Fertility Levels Below Replacement and Possible Policy Implications
Introduction to the session, John Rogers [175]
Consequences of a Fertility Level Considerably Below Replacement: the case of Sweden, Erland Hofsten [181]
Consequences of Fertility Levels Below Replacement and Possible Policy Implications: the case of Denmark, Birgitte Liebach, Lisbeth B. Knudsen & Ole Bertelsen [197]
Conjectured Implications of the Declining Finnish Population, Jarl Lindgren [207]

6.3 Studies in mortality

Mortality Projections
Mortality Trends and Projections in Four Nordic Countries, Tapani Valkonen [9]

Cohort Analysis of Mortality
Mortality Trends in Norway 1846-1980, Jens-Kristian Borgan [29]

Life-style And Other Factors in the Analysis of Mortality
The Danish Model of Census-Linked Mortality Studies and the Future Plans, Otto Andersen [49]
Healthy-Worker Effect and Other Viewpoints in the Analysis of Linked Studies, Matti Hakarna [61]
Problems in the Mortality Analysis Regarding Different Artefacts, Selection, and Weaknesses of Data, Knut Westlund [67]

Spontaneous Papers
A Cohort Study of Recent Danish and Greenlandic Infant Mortality, Hans Oluf Hansen [81]
Heterogeneity in Mortality by County in Norway - The Contribution of Variation in Life-Style and Occupation, L. Fegersten Saugstad [97]



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SPS Vol. 7. The Seventh Nordic Demographic Symposium, Paimio (Finland) 13-16 June 1984

Introduction Altti Majava [7]
Program of the Symposium [9]

Population Policy
The Norwegian Report on Population Development Merete Hagan [11]
Comments
Birgitte Liebach [23]
Jens Christian Hansen [25]
Erland Hofsten [27]
Jouko Hulkko [29]

Fertility
Report of Organiser Helge Brunborg [31]
Fertility and Family Formation. Some Trends among Danish Female Cohorts Born between 1932 and 1967 Hans Oluf Hansen, Dan Rohrman [34]
Fertility Expectations: a Short Cut or Dead-End in Predicting Fertility Turid Noack, Lars Østby [48]
The Formation of Family Size Ideals Marketta Ritamies [60]

Demography of Families and Households
Report of Organiser Ståle Dyrvik [72]
Register-Based Family and Household Statistics Ole Kaysen Petersen [74]
The Marital Status of Aged Persons in Norway Ståle Dyrvik [88]

Demographic Factors and the Labor Market
Report of Organiser Eskil Wadensjö [97]
Sibling Position and Achievement: the Case of Sweden Bertil Holmlund [100]
The Success and Failure in the Finnish Labor Tor Eriksson [108]
Market of Different Demographic Groups]
Unemployment Experience of Demographic Groups Peder J. Pedersen Niels Westergård Nielsen [119]

International Migration
Report of Organiser Altti Majava [128]
Demographic Consequences of Immigration Sven Reinans [131]
Return Migration from Sweden to Finland Jouni Korkiasaari [137]

Mortality
Report of Organiser Otto Andersen [147]
Socioeconomic Conditions in Childhood and Mortality in Adulthood - a Follow-up Study in Two Areas of Finland 1959-74 Veijo Notkola [149]
Elderly Mortality in Denmark: Past, Present and Future Graham Leeson [157]

Internal Migration
Report of Organiser Sture Öberg [167]
Migration AnaIysis and Regional Population Jon Inge Lian [169]
Projections Knut Sørensen
Forecasting Interregional Migration. Einar Holm [177]
Three Methods Used in Swedish Planning Ola Nygren
Local SociaI Welfare and Selection of Residence Ole Bertelsen [187]

Abstracts [192]
List of Participants [197]



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SPS Vol. 8. The Eighth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Gilleleje (Denmark), June 1986

Introduction Ole Bertelsen, Birgitte Liebach [9]

Potentiality, the "Liability History-Paradox" and Planning Jes Adolphsen [11]

Fertility
Report of Organiser Britta Hoem [21]
Divorces, and number of Children affected by Divorce Inge Hyldebrandt [27]
Remarriage in Finland Jarl Lindgren, Mauri Nieminen [39]
Recent Fertility Trends in Norway Øystein Kravdal, Helge Brunborg [55]
Fertility and Employment, An-Margritt Jensen
Competition or Complement, Tore Schweder [73]
Modern Family Formation, Lars Østby [99]
Womens Life-Stages Eva Bernhardt [121]
The First Child among Cohabiting and Married Women in Sweden Cecilia Etzler [141]
Men's Fertility and Attitudes towards Fertility Ulla Nordenstam, Peter Springfeldt [143]
Family Formation and Child Mortality in Kenya and Lesotho H.O. Hansen Astrid Boel, Jann Larsen [145]

Recent Demgraphic Methods
Population Systems as Interacting Individuals Einar Holm, Kalle Mäkilä, Sture Öberg [163]

Register Data
Organization and Preparation of Individual Data for Statistical and Research Purposes Halvard Skiri [187]
Register-Based Data and New Models in Empirical Research Per Vejrup Hansen [201]
Estimation of the Total Fertility Rate and the Life Expectancy from Monthly or Quarterly Data Sten Martinelle [209]
Impact of Social Factors on Pregnancy and Birth, Elucidated through the Application of Registers Lisbeth B. Knudsen [223]
Some Problems Concerning Optimization of Research Possibilities with Information from a very large Database Gun Stenflo [237]

Regional Planning
The Analysis of the Settlement Pattern in Relation to Planning Problems Jan Byfuglien [249]
The Evaluation of Regional Population Problems Arne Rideng [265]
Regional Differences in the Settlement Patterns of some Groups of Foreign Citizens Eric de Geer [281]

Mortality
Mortatility Among Male Farmers in Finland in 1979-83 V. Notkola, K. Husman, V. Laukkanen [301]
A New Approach to Years of Life Lost and it's Relation to Life Expectancy Bo Rennermalm [319]
Elderly Mortality in the Nordie Countries (abstract) Tuija Martelin, Tapani Valkonen [337]
Mortality from Ischaemic Heart Disease in Finland, related to Birth Place and Present Residence Tapani Valkonen [341]

List of Participants [343]



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SPS Vol. 9. The Ninth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Gausdal (Norway), April 1989

Introduction Erling Berge [9]
Opening Address: Demography from the outside Jens Christian Hansen [13]

Consequences of Population Stagnation and/or Decline for Social and Regional Development
The consequences of migration for out migration areas Altti Majava [25]
Consequences for the settlement pattern of reduced youth recruitment into education and national labour force. Outlines for a theoretical and empirical approach Kjetil Sørlie [29]
Spontaneous paper (Abstract): Commuting, migration and population development in Sogn and Fjordane County, West Norway Finn Ove Båtevik [57]

Labour Force Participation, Education and Fertility over the Life Course
Fertility surveys: Do they cost more than they give? A preliminary presentation of the Norwegian Family and occupation survey 1988 Svein Blom, Turid Noack [61]
Dissolution in Sweden. The break-up of conjugal unions to Swedish women born in 1936-60 (Abstract) Britta Hoem, Jan Hoem [83]
The incompatibility between education and early childbearing: The experience of the 1953 Stockholm metropolitan birth cohort Eva Bernhardt [85]
A note on a qualitative approach to the analysis of life histories Gunilla Bjerén [125]

Historical Demography
Infant mortality in south-western Finland 1750-1850 Beatrice Moring [137]
Living conditions and life Prospects In Moss 1775-1850 (Abstract) Jannecke Lahn [151]
The deformed cohort. The 19th century mortality decline in a generation perspective Gunnar Fridlizius [155]
Explaining the trends in mortality rates for the aging population in Norway: a model with age, period and cohort effects Jan Marcus Sverre [173]
Human growth and maturation, have we passed the optimal? Letten F. Saugstad [189]
Height and height velocity as additional health indicators in the Swedish population Gunilla W-Lindgren, Sune Åkerman [219]

Changes in Families and Households
Concepts and definitions used in the Danish family and household statistics Lene Skotte [237]
Like marries like - the safest choice? A brief study of homogamy in Norwegian marriages Øystein Kravdal, Turid Noack [243]
Family composition during the life course. The viewpoint of the child Johs. A. Noordhoek [259]
Marriage behaviour among immigrant men in Sweden (Abstract) Tarja-Liisa Leiniö [271]
Parity specific population projections using stochastic micro simulation Helge Brunborg, Tor Vidvei [273]

Demographic Aspects of the AIDS/HIV Epidemic
Will human imunodeficiency virus spread in the heterosexual population In Norway? A model study Hein Stigum, J. K. Groennesby, P. Magnus, J. M. Sundet, L. S. Bakketeig [295]

Open Session
Survivorship and family formation in the parishes of Rødovre and Sejrø from the late 17th century up to the 1801 census Hans Oluf Hansen [307]
Parity dependent fertility in a population with natural fertility in northern Sweden 1720-1900 Gun Alm Stenflo [337]

Symposium Lecture
Complex life history modeling, some methodogical issues Tore Schweder [369]

List of Participants [419]
Programme [421]



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SPS Vol. 10. The Tenth Nordic Demographic Symposium Lund (Sweden), 1992

Demography, Economy And Welfare

Demography and the Welfare State
Recent Swedish fertility changes in perspective Tuija Meisaari-Polsa [11]
The Norwegian family: scenarios for 2020 Ellen-Merete Duvold [28]
Formation of families of Danish women born after 1931 with a review of some current fertility trends Hans Oluf Hansen [45]
A competing-risks analysis of the choice between marriage and cohabitation Gebrenegus Ghilagaber [64]
Households, families and dissolution Jan Trost [77]
Social homogamy and income distribution Lars Gulbrandsen [89]
Social class, gender and illness 1995106-118 Children and divorces Mogens Nygaard Christoffersen [127]

Economic Demography
Demographic transition and old age provision in Denmark Svend Erik Hougard Jensen [143]
An ageing population, public expenditure and the pension system in Sweden Agneta Kruse [161]
Swedish family policy Lars Söderström [178]
Modelling poverty traps and marginal effects in Sweden Irene Ann-Kristin Andersson [200]
The new migration transition Tommy Bengtsson [217]
Internal migration among immigrants in Sweden Jan Ekberg [236]

Historical Demography
Geographic and social differences in age at marriage and fertility in Finland during the 18th and 19th centuries Beatrice Moring [249]
Three-generation families in 19th century rural Denmark Hanne Willert [260]
Crowding and survival in Stockholm 1895-1920 Eva M Bernhardt [279]
Stockholm and Gothenburg and the urban mortality puzzle Marie C Nelson [292]

Demography of Non-Welfare Societies
Divorce trends in Latvia Velga Vaikule [313]
Labour force participation trends in the Baltic states Allan Puur [321]
Recent changes of ethnic structure in the three Baltic states Peteris Zvidrins [336]
Is there a link between fertility decline and family planning in Kenya? An-Magritt Jensen [351]
Population growth, poverty and environment in Bangladesh Alia Ahmad [366]
On the demography of the 1991 census Tim Dyson [379]
Demographic consequences of AIDS, with special reference to Zambia Helge Brunborg [396]

Methods
Uncertainty in population forecasts for small areas Jeanette Bandel Bäckman [419]
MOSART-H: a combined micro-macro model for simulation of households Helge Brunborg [435]
Immigrants in Denmark Hanne Spøhr [453]
Moving-average graduation and the timing of the historical demographic transition in Sweden Jan M Hoem [466]
Economic-historical applications of latent variable models for time series data Mats Hagnell [479]



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SPS Vol. 11. The Eleventh Nordic Demographic Symposium, Helsinki (Finland), 11-13 June 1995

Issues Of The 1990s In Nordic Demography

Preface Altti Majava [5]

An Overview
In the Frontline or the Backwater? The Nordic Countries and the Global Population Drama Bertil Egerö [7]

Family Dynamics, Infertility
Separations among Finnish Women Born between 1935-1967 Fjalar Finnäs [21]
The Harmfullnes or harmlesness of Using an Anticipatory Regressor. How Dangerous Is it to Use Education Achieved as of 1990 in the Analyses of Divorce Risks in Earlier Years? Jan M Hoem [34]
Patterns of Divorce Risk in the 1970s and 1980s for Swedish Women with a Gymnasium Education Hong Ying [44]
How Many People are Involuntarily Childless? Turid Noack [60]

Mortality Trends and Patterns
Socioeconomic Trends in Differential Mortality among Middle-Aged Males in Norway 1960-1990 Scott [157]
The Changing Residential Patterns of Immigrants - The Case of Sweden 1973-1992 Lars-Erik Borgegård, Johan Håkansson and Dieter K. Müller [173]
New Patterns of Spatial Distribution of the Population in Kainuu, Finland Elli Heikkilä [184]

Demography of Labor Force and Retirement
Effects of Family Characteristics on the Labor Force Status of Older Married Women in Finland Marie Reijo-Riskilä [193]
Active and Retirement Life Expectancy in Finland Helka Hytti [207]

Third World Demography
Poverty and Fertility: Reproductive Change under Persistent Poverty Beral Egerci [218]
Elderly People at Village Level in Botswana Benedicte Ingstad, Helge Brunhorg and Frank J. Bruun [243]
Demographic Situation in Eritrea Gebremariam Woldemicael [262]
After Cairo and before (and after) Bejing: Sexual and Reproductive Health as a Part of the Empowerment of Teenage Girls and Women Katarina Lindahl [272]

Unconventional Data Sources
The Regulation of Fertility in Pre-Industrial Populations: A Local Study from Eighteenth Century Finland Beatrice Moring [284]
Parish Records from Namibia 1935-1990 - An Attempt to Analyse Fertility and Mortality in Ovamboland Veijo Notkola [295]
Health and Social Consequences: Linkages between Parish Registers and Patient Records as a Source in Social Medical History Anna Lundberg [306]

Innovative Approaches
An Evolutionary Perspective on Population Growth Robert Kelly [319]
A Note on the Use of Anticipatory Covariates in Event History Analysis Juha M. Alho [328]
The Social Meaning of the Age at Second Birth for Third-Birth Fertility: A Methodological Note on the Need to Sometimes Respecify an Intermediate Variable Britta Hoem [333]

Forthcoming Population Conferences [340]



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SPS Vol. 12. The Thirteenth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Umeå (Sweden), 15-17 August 1999

Note: The Twelwth Nordic Demographic Symposium (1997) was cancelled. Therefore, the volume number of SPS and the number of the symposium no longer correspond.

Foreword. Lars-Göran Tedebrand [9]
Introduction Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld [11]

Methods and sources of demography
A Comparison Between Two Forecasting Models. Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld [21]
Life and Death in an Urban Setting - the People of Gamla stan and Södermalm 1878-1926. Examples of the Use of Individually Based Longitudinal Data to Describe Time-space Variations in Urban Demographic Dynamics and Change Stefan Fogelvik [37]
A Demographic Application of the Estimation of a Varma Model with a Latent Variable Mats Hagnell [47]

Cohabitation and marriage
Trends in Childbearing and Nuptiality in Sweden, 1961(71)-1997. Gunnar Andersson [67]
Who Plans to Marry and Who Marries? A Study of Men's Propensity to Marry in Sweden in the Early 1990s. Ann-Zofie E. Duvander [101]
Age at Marriage and the Life Course in Pre-industrial Finland. Socio-Economic and Regional Differences. Beatrice Moring [121]

Mortality in history
Regional Variations in Infant Mortality in Sweden During the First Half of the 19th Century Sören Edvinsson, John Rogers and Anders Brändström [145]
The Decline in Mortality in the Norwegian Parish Asker and Bærum ca. 1750-1850 Eli Fure [165]
Regional Aspects of the Development of Health Reforms and the Decline in Infant Mortality in 19th Century Iceland Ólöf Garðarsdóttir and Loftur Guttormsson
[179]
Mortality and Life Expectancy in Rendalen and Norway 1770-1900: Period and Cohort Perspectives Svenn-Erik Mamelund [201]
Gender and Mortality with Regard to Marital Status in 19th Century Sweden Sam Willner [233]

Urban mortality
Adult Mortality and Childhood Conditions. Long-Term Effects of Urban Life in 19th-Century Sweden Sören Edvinsson [247]
The Urban Penalty: Towns and Mortality in the Nineteenth-Century Norway William H. Hubbard [269]
Northern, Eastern or Urban Penalty? Aspects of late 19th Century Mortality in the North of Norway Gunnar Thorvaldsen [289]

History of diseases
Patterns of Polio. Incidence and Mortality at the National Level in Sweden 1905-1960. Per Axelsson [309]
Women and Venereal Disease. A Case Study of Female Illicit Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century Västernorrland, Sweden Anna Lundberg [327]

Migration
Migration in the World 1846-1996. The Main Trends with Particular Reference to Europe and Sweden. A Cartographic Approach Eric De Geer [347]
Women Migrants in a Swedish Sawmill Town. The Socio-Spatial Paths of Single Women Migrants Heading for Sundsvall in the 1870s Marie-Christine (Lotta) Vikström [367]

Modern demography
Mortality in Stockholm: Recent Past, Present, and Future Gunnar Andersson [387]
Suicide in the Arctic - Practise versus Theory Jette Jensen [409]

Demography of immigrants and developing countries. Some Aspects of Immigrant Residential Concentration in Oslo. Time Trends and the Trends and the Importance of Economic Causes Svein Blom [431]
The Effect of Birth Spacing on Child Survival in Eritrea Gebremariam Woldemicael [457]

Contributors [475]



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See separate page on Volume 13 (including abstracts and sales information)

SPS Vol. 13. The Fourteenth Nordic Demographic Symposium, Tjøme (Norway), 3-5 May 2001.

Chairman's preface Gunnar Thorvaldsen [5]
Editor's preface Jørgen Carling [6]

Population censuses
The Census in global perspective and the coming microdata revolution Robert McCaa and Steven Ruggles [7]
Socio-economic categories in Norwegian censuses up to about 1960 Einar Lie [31]

Mortality dynamics
The changing cause of death pattern among infants, Stockholm 1878-1925 Bo Burström and Eva Bernhardt [53]
Old-age mortality trends in Norway Helge Brunborg [65]
Influence of migrants on regional variations of ischaemic heart disease mortality in Norway 1991-1994 Erik Nymoen [81]

Fertility trends
Changing seasonality of births in Sweden 1900-1999 Per-Gunnar Cassel [97]
Industrialisation and fertility in a mining district of northern Sweden 1900-1920 Stefan Warg [111]
An overview of recent fertility trends and family policies in Denmark Lisbeth B. Knudsen [131]

Family demography
Cohabitation and marriage among young adults in Sweden: Attitudes, expectations and plans Eva Bernhardt [157]
Hem ljuva hem: Cohabitation, marriage, and access to home ownership in Sweden, 1970-1992 Nathanael Lauster [171]
Towards gender equality in Norway's young generations? Kari Skrede [191]
Language and partner selection in Finland Fjalar Finnäs [219]
Dissolved families - A prospective longitudinal cohort study of family strain before parental separation following schoolchildren born in Denmark 1973 Mogens N. Christoffersen [231]

Migration in historical perspective
Surnames as proxies for place of origin in the 1801 census for Norway Sølvi Sogner and Gunnar Thorvaldsen [251]
International migration and return migration of Swedish engineers before 1930 and in the 1990s Per-Olof Grönberg [267]

Appendix
Papers presented at the 14th Nordic Demographic Symposium [286]
References to papers published elsewhere [292]

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